Turkey is an enormous, culturally rich and scenically diverse country with a plethora of ancient sites awaiting your exploration. Discover remote and relatively unknown sites where ruins fell as they lie and inspire the imagination as easily as any well-tended museum.  Pick your way around the fallen pillars and ancient stonework in between flowers and wildlife, most sites are worth visiting for the exceptional views alone.

Cultural Sites easily accessible from Kalkan, Kas Peninsula, Islamlar and The Gemile Peninsula

These regions are positioned at the heart of an ancient Lycian civilisation and therefore ideally located for exploration of a multitude of often deserted sites.

  • Antiphellos

    The town of Kas dates back to the 6th Century BC when it was a village known as Antiphellos (meaning the land opposite the rocks).

  • Arycanda

    Arycanda is a large and gloriously unspoilt scenic site of antiquity.  It is located in the Taurus Mountains between Kas and Elmali and surrounded by cedar trees.

  • Kaunos

    There are many fictional accounts of how the ancient city of Kaunos came into being. The most well-known of these was by the Latin poet Ovidius.

  • Kekova

    Kekova Island and the small picturesque village of Kale are popular for gulet cruises and with the yachting fraternity.

  • Letoon

    Letoon was one of the most important religious centres in Ancient Lycia. The site is located less than 10 kilometres from the former capital of the Lycian Federation, Xanthos. 

  • Myra

    The ancient site of Myra is another of the six principal cities that shaped the Lycian Federation and its importance from the 5th Century is supported by various inscriptions.

  • Olympos

    Olympos was founded in the Hellensitic period and one can only assume that it was named after local Mount Olympos a name that appears regularly in the classical world with over 20 mountains named Olympos!

  • Patara

    The ancient city of Patara was another of the six principal cities of Lycia. Conveniently located at the mouth of the Xanthos River it was an affluent trading city and major port of Lycia. 

  • Phaselis

    Phaselis is a beautifully positioned ancient Lycian City that resides with the Olympos National Park and west of the town of Kemer. 

  • Pinara

    Ancient Lycia had six principal cities of which three were considered to be of great importance: one of these is the beautiful site of Pinara situated in the Xanthos valley.

  • Sidyma

    The pretty rural village of Dodurga resides in the ancient site of Sidyma. The settlement is not the most remarkable from an archaeological or historical perspective; however village life has remained unchanged here for many centuries.

  • Telemessos & Fethiye Museum

    The largest city on the Lycian coast today is the modern town of Fethiye which was built on the site of the biggest ancient city of the Lycian Federation, Telmessos.

  • Tlos

    Tlos is another of the significant six cities that formed the Lycian Federation. Tlos is located on a hilltop and was once the metropolis of the Lycian Nation.

  • Xanthos

    Once the ancient capital of the Lycian Federation, Xanthos was undoubtedly the most significant city for the majority of Lycian history.

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Cultural Sites easily accessible from The Bozburun Peninsula

The sites in this region are rustic and rural and are often yours to explore alone and we highly recommend venturing to Knidos, at the tip of the neighbouring Datça Peninsula, where the ruins of a former Hellenistic city are surrounded by sea on both sides.

  • Amos

    Dating back to the Hellenistic period, the ancient city of Amos, reached from the village of Turunç, is steeped in nature and an ideal spot to enjoy spectacular views of the bay. 

  • Knidos

    Knidos is an ancient settlement on the Datça Peninsula, formerly an ancient Greek city of Caria. The city spanned across two locations, the mainland and the island of Triopion. The two sites were connected by a causeway and bridge but today there are connected by a sandy isthmus. Two harbours were formed between the island and mainland. 

  • Kaunos

    There are many fictional accounts of how the ancient city of Kaunos came into being. The most well-known of these was by the Latin poet Ovidius.


The Ephesus Region 

This region is home to an array of wondrous sites and is accessible on a tailor-made holiday or on an overnight adventure from our coastal regions.

  • Ephesus 

    Ephesus tells a wonderful story of life in ancient times, with its monumental state buildings, temples, marble streets, Roman toilets and decorated private houses.

    With a population of 250,000, Ephesus was once one of the most cosmopolitan cities of the ancient world. Perhaps this was the reason why John is believed to have brought Mother Mary to Ephesus after the death of Jesus, in keeping with Jesus’ admonition to John to care for his mother.

    Equidistant from Hellespont and Lycia, Ephesus was the last stop of the Persian Royal road, an important trade route between the East and the West and the Artemission - one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World - attracted pilgrims from all over the Greco-Roman world.

  • Pamukkale

    This wonderful natural phenomena was in danger of being ruined for all time as a plethora of hotels were built without regulation thoughout the last century. Thankfully since being declared a World Heritage Site it has been saved. The hotels have been demolished and the area has ben restored to its former splendour. Very much worth visiting whilst staying in Şirince.

  • Aphrodisas

    This lesser-know site is a real favourite of ours as we are always attracted by sites that remain 'off-the-beaten-track'. Aphorodisas was a Carian city and is home to the renowned Temple of Aphrodite amongst many other fascinating buildings.

     

  • Didyma

    Another wonderfully remote site and one of the glories of the Greco-Roman world. The temple, second only to Delphi, dealt in prophetic utterances which guided men to fortune or folly. Didyma's Oracle attracted prominent clients: none more so that the epitome of the rich, King  Croesus(of neighbouring Lydia), who lavished offerings there amounting to two cubic metres of gold. However it also made implacable enemies and was habitually sacked.

  • Priene

    The Hellenistic city of Priene is again remote and available to explore in peace. The ruins of the city are generally conceded to be the most spectacular surviving example of an entire ancient Greek city intact except only for the ravages of time.

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